Follow

# Nhut Nguyen

Follow Nhut Nguyen
·Mar 31, 2022·

# Problem statement

Given a sorted array of distinct integers and a target value, return the index if the target is found. If not, return the index where it would be if it were inserted in order.

You must write an algorithm with `O(logn)` runtime complexity.

## Example 1

``````Input: nums = [1,3,5,6], target = 5
Output: 2
``````

## Example 2

``````Input: nums = [1,3,5,6], target = 2
Output: 1
``````

## Example 3

``````Input: nums = [1,3,5,6], target = 7
Output: 4
``````

## Example 4

``````Input: nums = [1,3,5,6], target = 0
Output: 0
``````

## Example 5

``````Input: nums = , target = 0
Output: 0
``````

## Constraints

• `1 <= nums.length <= 10^4`.
• `-10^4 <= nums[i] <= 10^4`.
• `nums` contains distinct values sorted in ascending order.
• `-10^4 <= target <= 10^4`.

# Solution 1: Binary search

## Code

``````int searchInsert(vector<int>& nums, int target) {
int left = 0, right = nums.size() - 1;
while (left <= right) {
int mid = left + (right - left)/2;
if (nums[mid] == target) {
return mid;
} else if (nums[mid] < target) {
left = mid + 1;
} else {
right = mid - 1;
}
}
return right + 1;
}
int main() {
vector<int> nums = {1,3,5,6};
cout << searchInsert(nums, 5) << endl;
cout << searchInsert(nums, 2) << endl;
cout << searchInsert(nums, 7) << endl;
cout << searchInsert(nums, 0) << endl;
nums = {1};
cout << searchInsert(nums, 0) << endl;
}
``````
``````Output:
2
1
4
0
0
``````

## Complexity

• Runtime: `O(logN)`, where `N = nums.length`.
• Extra space: `O(1)`.

# Solution 2: Using `std::lower_bound(nums.begin(), nums.end(), target)`

The function does exactly what you want for this problem.

## Code

``````int searchInsert(vector<int>& nums, int target) {
return lower_bound(nums.begin(), nums.end(), target) - nums.begin();
}
int main() {
vector<int> nums = {1,3,5,6};
cout << searchInsert(nums, 5) << endl;
cout << searchInsert(nums, 2) << endl;
cout << searchInsert(nums, 7) << endl;
cout << searchInsert(nums, 0) << endl;
nums = {1};
cout << searchInsert(nums, 0) << endl;
}
``````
``````Output:
2
1
4
0
0
``````

## Complexity

• Runtime: `O(logN)`, where `N = nums.length`.
• Extra space: `O(1)`.